There is a great deal to learn about a wine by simply watching wine bottles, it is as if these recipients would reveal something of the taste inside. Sometimes wine bottles distinguish between the wine varieties belonging to a certain region, and we can even speak of modern and traditional designs and shapes for wine bottles used in various wineries across the world. What are the producers trying to communicate? Richness of taste, refinement, elegance or simply a certain style?
Standard wine bottles have a specific size for the neck opening and this is not larger than 18.5 mm as a general rule; the use of such dimensions has made it possible to manufacture some “universal” types of corks that would fit the recipients. Nevertheless, there are other sizes of the neck of wine bottles: some smaller, some others wider. Take for instance the model of the flagon-shaped wine bottles traditionally associated with certain Portuguese wines: their necks are significantly narrower requiring a smaller cork.
There are many producers who'd like to add a touch of variety or uniqueness to their products by using some special wine bottles. Sometimes a combination of styles is possible; for example a Burgundy variety is usually stored in tall and slender bottles, and a producer who wants to associate his/her wine with Burgundy may choose to imitate the style of such recipients.
For home made wine, the style of the wine bottles is not that important given the fact that there is nothing in the shape of a bottle to affect the taste and the bouquet of the wine. The only mention here is that special precaution measures need to be taken in case you intend to produce sparkling wine. This variety exposes the recipient to a higher internal pressure because of the bubbles; therefore the wine bottles should have the walls a lot thicker than usual.
There are certain colors associated with wine bottles according to the traditional variety; thus, sweet whites will be stored in clear bottles, dry whites go better with light green bottles whereas the red varieties are always bottled in dark green recipients. According to a popular trend nowadays, clear bottles are preferred for the storage of white wines in general, and it appears that more and more producers take to this habit, whereas red wine remains bottled in dark green glass as a rule of the thumb.