Flavor, color, odor, all make lemons leading citrus fruit used worldwide in the making of drinks, dishes or as an ingredient for various skin care products. The lemon tree as such can reach up to six meters in hight, its leaves are an intense dark green, but in terms of shape there are several varieties depending on the specificity or the sub-species to which it belongs. Oblong, elliptic or oval, the leaves of the lemon tree are long and finely toothed, sometimes color alternates according to the season. Right after budding the lemon trees look all reddish, and only when the leafage reaches maturity, the great green shades appear.
The lemon tree fruit grows in the middle of the white and purple flowers that charm viewers with their delicacy and fragility. The uniqueness of the fruit goes to such an extent that some varieties are variegated with stripes of intense green or white on a yellow background. Many of these juicy, sour fruits are seedless, and this is the type most of us prefer when we want to use them for the lemonade. Nevertheless, we usually don't know how to distinguish the fruits with seeds from those without. But, where do the origins of the lemon tree begin?
The true origin of the lemon tree remains a mystery, though speculations are possible. Presently, it is known for its wide spread in the Mediterranean area, but scientists claim it may have been brought from India. One thing is for sure, the lemon tree was already cultivated by the Romans as early as 200AD, then it reached the north of Africa, the Arab world and it extended across the Atlantic from the middle of the 18th century. In the United States, Florida is known for its large lemon tree orchards, this area being responsible for most of the lemon exports the country makes.
The lemon tree is very susceptible to cold, being inferior to the orange tree from this point of view. Nevertheless, the lemon tree varieties grow best in coastal areas where grapefruit and oranges cannot be cultivated due to the relative coolness of the climate. Otherwise, lemons are not difficult to grow particularly since these trees are adaptable to a diversity of soils and atmosphere conditions; thus, the lemon tree can easily grow in humid or dry areas, adapting to the most infertile of soil conditions. However, in times of advanced drought, the irrigation of the lemon tree orchards may be necessary to ensure proper crop development.