Excerpts: Sprinkler systems are very important in the field of irrigation to get crop maturity with less amount of water. It is also used to minimize the effect of fire in vast areas.
Sprinkler system is mainly used for two purposes for irrigation and for controlling the effect of fire.
1. Sprinkler irrigation system:
Sprinkler irrigation system discharges water like rain fall. This is most effective as they cover the entire lands. This is suitable for wheat, gram, pulses, vegetables, tea, cotton and other types of crops. They spray water in small drops. They can be used in connection with pipes. Here water is allowed to flow by pumping. They are easy to install and maintain. They are strong and thus ensure long life. They are corrosion resistant.
They are suitable for any type of soils. They may be made up of stainless steel or plastic. This system is the best one for irrigating lawns and crops with considerably less amount of water.
Sprinklers that spray in fixed patterns are known as sprays and they can be used under low pressure. High pressure sprinklers have impact mechanism. They can rotate in half or full circle. Floppy sprinklers are unique sprinkler system that does not have any moving parts. They are suitable for irrigating closely spaced crops. Full circle and part circle impact sprinklers are made up of stainless steel material and they ensure uniform rotation. Part circle sprinklers have adjustable arcs to rotate in all directions. So no area will be left dry.
2. Fire sprinkler systems: