Basically mustard oil is made from muster seeds. Mustard is an oil seed and also an annual crop that is known throughout the world. It is well known for its smell, strong flavour and pungency. Muster oil can be made in two different ways. By pressing the mustard seeds we get a vegetable oil. The other way is by grinding the seeds. We then mix them with water and then extract the oil by distillation.
The mustard oil that we get from pressed seeds has a very strong smell. The smell is like strong cabbage. This vegetable oil has a nutty taste and is made from black mustard, white mustard and brown mustard. This mustard oil is made up of erucic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid and fatty acids.
Mustard oil was considered unsuitable for human consumption in countries like United States and Canada as content of erucic acid is more which is considered to be harmful for health. Research has shown that after heating, the oil is safe for human consumption. Mustard oil is more used in countries like Bangladesh and India. Mustard seed oil has very low saturated content. Mustard oil contains essential vitamins. That is why it is also used in cooking. Mustard oil also has anti oxidant and cholesterol reducing properties that help to detoxify the body. It is one of the wisest health investment. In courtiers like India, mustard oil is heated to smoking before using it for cooking. Heating is done for reducing the harmful substances. Heating is also done for reducing the nutty taste and strong smell.
Mustard oil is used everyday in Indian households. In some parts of India, mustard used is used for massages. Research has shown that massage with mustard oil improves blood circulation, enhances muscular development texture gives good texture to skin. This oil also is antibacterial. The level of artery clogging fatty acid is very low and hence is good for heart. It has high level of mono unsaturated fatty acid and omega 3 fatty acid. Experts have proved that mustard oil is healthy cooking oil as it contains thirty percent calcium, phenolics, phytins and protein. It has immense nutritional benefits and is far more superior to other oils. It is organic oil that is free of pesticides, thus preventing blood and stomach related ailments.
Mustard oil is used as a preservative. It is also used for flavouring western foods and Indian recipes. Mustard seed is also useful for imparting flavour to chutneys and pickles. As the oil is not costly, it is economical to use it everyday. Mustard oil has higher refractive index and lower saponification value as compared to other refined vegetable oils. It is third largest vegetable oil that is manufactured in the world.
Mustard oil is most preferred for medicinal and culinary usages. Medicinal value of this oil has been emphasized in many ancient holy literatures. Mustard oil if used everyday for cooking can not only increase the life span but will also helps to stay healthy and fit.