The Irish flag is also known as the tricolour. It is a vertical tricolour. The colours on the Irish flag are: green at the hoist, white in the middle and orange at the fly end. The green on the Irish flag represents Irish Catholics whereas the white stands for the Irish protestants. The white in the middle symbolizes the peace between the two groups. The shorter flag of Cote d’Ivoire has the same colours as the Irish flag but in reversed order.
The Irish flag was first introduced by Thomas Francis Meagher in 1848, but it was only raised above the General Post Office in Dublin and regarded as the national flag on Easter Rising of 1916. The Irish flag was adopted in 1919 by the Irish Republic while the war of independence was in progress. Subsequently, it was adopted by the Irish free state (1922-1937) and later on, the Irish flag was given constitutional status, in 1937 under the Constitution of Ireland. The tricolor Irish flag is regarded by many nationalists as the national flag of the entire Ireland, being flown, sometimes controversially, by many nationalists in Northern Ireland and by the Gaelic Athletic Association as well.
Over time the island has been represented by a number of other different flags beside the Irish flag, among which there have been Saint Patrick’s cross and the flag of the four provinces of Ireland. With regard to the national Irish flag, the Constitution of Ireland simply states that the national flag is a tricolour of green, white and orange. Since no other statutory requirements exist with regard to the flag, the Department of the Taoiseach took full responsibility in the matters related to the flag. The Department has come up with guidelines meant to help people in their use of the national Irish flag. The flag is supposed to be rectangular and its length should be two times its width.
The three colour bands must be of the same size and disposed vertically. More information refers to the colours and the placement of the Irish flag: the flag should be displayed on a flagstaff; the green band will be positioned next to the flagstaff, at the hoist with the white part in the middle and the orange band at the fly. As long as the right proportions are maintained, the flag can be made in any convenient sizes. With regard to the three colors of the Irish flag, it is claimed that at civilian functions, different shades and nuances of yellow can be noticed instead of orange. The Department states that this misrepresentation should be actively discouraged.