The Brazil flag is named auriverde, that is „of gold and green”. It is used as the national flag and ensign of Brazil. If we were to describe the Brazil flag we'd have to say that it a blue disc depicting a starry sky spanned by a curved band inscribed with the national motto, within a yellow rhombus and on a green field. The Brazil flag was designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes. The white stars are of five different sizes. The motto inscribed in capital letters of the same shade of green as the one used for the field says „Ordem e Progresso” which means „Order and Progress”.
The modern Brazil flag was officially adopted as the national flag on the 19th of November 1889. The design of the Brazil flag belongs to Raimundo Teixeira Mendes who created it with the help of Miguel Lemos and Manuel Pereira. The current Brazil flag and ensign maintain the same design/pattern mainly. Yet, minor alterations have been made to it. Actually the 27-star version of the Brazil flag was accepted and adopted on the 12th of May 1992.
When Brazil was first proclaimed a republic, one of the men of the time, a lawyer, who had recently been named Minister of Finances and Taxation, Ruy Barbosa, came up with a new design for the national Brazil flag. The proposed design was without a shadow of a doubt inspired by the US flag. This flag had the chance to survive and be used for only four days from the 15th to the 19th of November, 1889. At that time, Deodoro da Fonseca vetoed this Brazil flag design proposed by Barbosa.
Deodoro da Fonseca the - „Father of the Republic” – asserted that this design was too much of a copy of the flag of a different country. Fonseca suggested that the Republican Brazil flag should look like the former Imperial flag. It was only decided on a minor change, namely the replacement of the royal crest with a new design. By maintaining the former royal Brazil flag it was meant to reassert the continuation of the national unity during this transition period. When Teixeira’s design was presented to the president he immediately agreed with it.
Regarding the colours and the significance of the design on the Brazil flag, it is known that the colors green and yellow are the colours of the the Imperial families whose descendants Pedro I and Leopoldina, his wife, formed the first Imperial couple who founded the Brazilizn monarchy. The meanings are changed on the modern republican Brazil flag. The green background symbolizes the forests, the yellow thombus represents the mineral richness of Brazil and the blue circle is the sky above Rio de Janeiro on the morning when Brazil was declared a republic.