Pellet Gun

The pellet gun or air gun is a pneumatic gun that can fire projectiles using high gas pressure or compressed air as a propellant. As per the name suggests, this gun fires pellets.

History of Pellet guns

The pellet guns are a representation of the oldest pneumatic technology that has existed since 15th century. These guns were a great advantage over the primitive firearms. These pellet guns were able to fire in wet weather and the rapidity of fire was more than the muzzle loading guns available at that time. They were quieter as compared to the other firearms present at that time. They were totally smokeless and had no muzzle flash. This helped in keeping the position of the shooter a secret.

On the other hand, black powder guns from the 18th and 19th century produced much noise and smoke when fired. Hence the pellet guns were preferred more over them.


An air gun pellet is a non spherical projectile. They are different from the bullets that are used in firearms owing to the pressures that are encountered. Firearms require thousand atmosphere of pressure to operate whereas only 50 atmospheres of pressure is required to operate airguns.

There is sufficient pressure generated by the firearms to swage a slightly oversized bullet to fit the bore for forming a tight seal. On the other hand, the airguns require an undersized projectile that is designed in such a way that it obstructs while engaging the rifle and shooting to seal the bore.

The pellets are required to be shot from a smoothbore barrel. Therefore they are designed to be inherently stable. This is similar to the foster slugs that are used in smoothbore shotguns.

The most common design of the pellet found today is the wasp waist pellet or diabolo.

The tip of the diabolo pellets are pointed, flat, hollow or round. This is tapered to a thin waist. The pellet is hollow from the waist back and it flares out to full diameter. The solid part in front of the waist or the head is sized to fit the bore just touching the rifling. This lowers the friction as well as keeps the pellet in the centre of the bore.

Lead, which is a soft deformable material, is used to make the skirt which is thin. Other non toxic alternatives are also available that makes the use if plastic or tin. The skirt will obstruct in order to fit the bore providing a good seal when shot from the pellet gun. This engages the rifling and provides a spin. Whether you are experienced or a beginner, it is essential that you view or re-view the pellet gun safety information provided by the manufacturer. This information will always be included with your pellet gun that contains pellet gun safety issues. However, your pellet gun safety guidelines are not dismissible if you have lost the list, there is plenty of pellet gun safety information online that can help you prepare this season. Whenever you go out, make a conscious effort to always be thinking about the pellet gun safety guidelines you know. No matter what purpose your pellet gun serves, and no matter how powerful it is there is always a risk involved. To be responsible and put safety first before you go out hunting and/or shooting this season, really make certain that you understand the pellet gun safety information you need to know. Not only has the pellet gun industry grown but it has also advanced scientifically. Manufacturers and designers everywhere are continuously finding new ways to improve the pellet gun as well as pellet gun safety for their customers. Many parents know that learning to shoot may be an important part of your child s life. Perhaps it is important for a child s father to have pellet guns so that he learn to shoot (especially in rural areas where gardens can be destroyed by pesky, small animals. And on the other hand, there may be someone interested in a pellet gun because he or she is learning to shoot for some vocation, for example: to become a federal officer. Jobs in the FBI, police departments, and more will require that someone know their way around a firearm and be aware of its safety guidelines. Although the threat is less significant depending on the type of gun, there is always risk involved when you use pellet guns or any other kinds of weapons. Just as important as the scenario above whether the potential officer uses a real gun or a pellet gun, the same logic must be applied to pellet gun safety.

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